Conventional Buddhist writing ascribes the establishment of Patna 490 BCE as Ajatashatru, the ruler of Magadha, needed to move his capital from the bumpy Rajagrha (today Rajgir) to a deliberately picked spot to all the more likely battle the Licchavis of Vaishali. He picked the site on the bank of the Ganges and invigorated the region. Gautama Buddha went through this spot in the most recent year of his life.
During the twelfth century, Patna turned into a piece of the Delhi Sultanate, yet by then it had lost its conspicuousness as the learning and expressions focus of India. During the reign of Sher Shah Suri in the sixteenth century, the city got back to its previous wonder, which can be knowledgeable about the current day Patna. One of the main mosques in Patna was worked by Alauddin Hussani Shah, the leader of Bengal in the year 1489. It is referred to as Begu Hajjams mosque as it was subsequently revamped by a stylist in the year 1646. The Nawabs of Bengal took over Patna after the finish of the Mughal era. In the seventeenth century, Patna was mainstream for global exchange.
With the decrease of the Mughal domain, Patna moved under the control of the Nawabs of Bengal, however, in time the city was taken over by the Jagirdars who at that point turned into oneself proclaimed Nawabs. The Nawabs of Bengal required a hefty assessment on the general population however permitted it to thrive as a business place. During the seventeenth century, Patna turned into a focal point of worldwide exchange. The British began with a processing plant in Patna in 1620 for the buy and capacity of calico and silk. Before long it turned into an exchanging place for saltpeter, encouraging different Europeans—French, Danes, Dutch and Portuguese—to contend in the worthwhile business.
The British took over Patna and discovered it to be an ideal territorial capital. The old city was stretched out by the British and was called Bankipore. In 1620 they set up a manufacturing plant in Patna for the buy and capacity of calico and silk. During the British principle, Patna was a conspicuous business and exchanging center in the eastern Indian subcontinent. It began recovering its lost quality as a conspicuous learning and workmanship focus of India. Patna was additionally home to two of the significant opportunity battle developments, specifically the Champaran development against the Indigo manor and the Quit India Movement in 1942.